Introduction

Recent U.S. Supreme Court decisions place constitutional limits on the sentences that may be imposed on children. Many states have enacted legislation responding to the Supreme Court’s decisions, and there has been extensive litigation in courts around the country.

Since Miller v. Alabama was decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in June 2012, many states have abolished or significantly restricted the imposition of sentences of life without the possibility of parole for juveniles (JLWOP).

Click to view a state-by-state snapshot of JLWOP sentences, including changes in the law since Miller.